9th Class Chemistry Chapter Wise Notes Details

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9th Class Chemistry Chapter Wise Notes Details. 

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This plan is very important for exam preparation. The complete syllabus of the Chemistry book is described below. Topics / Subtopics / Activities to be covered You must read it.

9th Chemistry Notes / کیمسٹری

1- Fundamentals of Chemistry

کیمسٹری کے بنیادی اصول

Chapter 1: Fundamentals of chemistry

  • Branches of chemistry and basic definitions
  • Matter; Substance
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Mixture, element, compound
  • Atomic number and mass number
  • Relative atomic mass and atom mass unit, chemical formula
  • Empirical formula and a molecular formula
  • Molecular mass and formula mass
  • Quiz activity & lab
  • Chemical species (ions, molecular ions, free radicals)

2- Structure of Atoms

ایٹم کی ساخت

Chapter2Atomic Structure

  • Introduction
  • Theories and experiments related to the structure of +lab
  • Atom Cathode, Discovery proton, neutron
  • And the atomic model of Rutherford, defects
  • Boar’s atomic theory and comparison of both models; Lab
  • Electronic configuration, electronic configuration of 1st 18 elements
  • Isotopes & examples
  • Applications and uses of isotopes, testing, prevailing theories bring about change in them
  • Exercise & Lab

3- Periodic Table & Periodicity of Properties

پیر یا ڈک ٹیبل اور پیر یا ڈک ٹیبل کی خصوصیات

Chapter 3Periodic Table and Periodicity of Properties

  • Introduction of periodic table, Do briner tirades and new land octaves
  • Mendeleev periodic table, periodic law
  • Modern periodic table & Lab
  • Periodicity of properties atomic size
  • Atomic radius, shielding effect, ionization energy,
  • Electron affinity; Electronagativity

4- Structure of Molecules

مالیکیو لز کی اشکال

Chapter 4:Structure of Molecule

  • Introduction
  • Why do atoms form chemical bond, chemical bond, types of chemical bond
  • Ionic bond, covalent (polar and non-polar)
  • Ionic, Dative, Metallic bond, Lab
  • Intermolecular forces, dipole-dipole interactions,
  • Hydrogen bonding, nature of bonds and properties
  • Metals, synthetic adhesive. Aircraft cars
  • Trucks and boats are partially held with epoxy adhesives; Science and technology & Lab

5- Physical States of Matter

مادے کی طبعی حالتیں

Chapter 5: Physical States of Matter

  • Introduction & Lab
  • Gaseous state; Typical properties
  • Standard atmospheric pressure; Boyles law experimental verification of Boyles law
  • Numerical; Absolute temperature scale
  • Charles law; experimental verification
  • Physical states of matter and role of Inter molecular forces
  • Liquid state; Typical properties; Evaporation
  • Vapor pressure; Boiling point; Freezing point

6- Solutions

سلوشنز

Chapter 6: Solutions

  • Introduction; Solutions; Saturated solutions
  • Un-saturated solutions; Super saturated solutions
  • Solute; Solvents; Types of solutions; Concentration
  • Units; Numerical; Lab
  • Molarity; Preparation of Molar solutions
  • Preparation of dilute solution solubility and solute solvent interaction
  • Effect of temperature on solubility; Lab

7- Electrochemistry

الیکٹرو کیمسٹری

Chapter 7: Electrochemistry

  • Oxidation and reduction reactions
  • Oxidation and reduction in terms of loss or gain of electrons
  • Difference between oxidation and reduction
  • Oxidation state and its rules, oxidizing and reducing agents; Lab
  • Electro chemical cell
  • Electrolytic cell; Working of an electrolyte
  • Electrolysis of water; Galvanic cell
  • Construction of a Daniel cell; Lab
  • Downs cell; Nelson cell
  • Manufacture of NaOH from brine solution
  • Corrosion and prevention, Electroplating
  • Procedure & Lab

8- Chemical Reactivity

کیمیکل ری ایکٹیویٹی

Chapter 8Chemical Reactivity

  • Introduction, metals and properties
  • Physical, chemical, electropositive character; trends of electro positivity
  • Electro positivity and ionization energy; Comparison of physical properties and reactivity of alkali and alkaline earth metal
  • Comparison of chemical properties and reactivity of sodium magnesium and calcium
  • Uses of Na, Mg and Ca; Noble metals, non-metals;
  • Inertness of Nobel metals; Lab
  • Physical properties of non-metals,
  • Chemical properties of non-metals,
  • Comparison of reactivity of halogens; Important reactions of halogens
  • Reaction with hydrogen water methane, sodium hydroid
  • Significance of non-metals

9- 9th Chemistry Formula Notes

فارمولا نوٹس‎

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